The Tasks and Tools of ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND PROTECTION TECHNICIANS (One of Environmental Health Technician Professionals) 

Professionals in this career pathway perform many tasks to help health sector live up to its expectations. They all have common tasks. 


Here, we are looking at Environmental Science and Protection Technicians. They majorly focus on issues affecting the environment. They investigate sources of pollution and contamination. They work in offices, laboratories, and the field. To become an Environmental science and protection technician, someone will have a minimum of National Diploma Certificate or 2 years of postsecondary education, although some positions require a bachelor or higher diploma degree certificate


Their tasks include but not limited to the following: 

  • Find out about harmful situations or spills or eruptions of disease, ailment or food poisoning, gathering samples for analysis.
  • Discuss the outcomes of tests and analyses with customers
  • Record test data and ensure reports, summaries, or charts that interpret test results are made available.
  • Formulate procedures needed for testing.
  • Gather from different sources models of gases, water, soils, industrial wastewater, or asbestos products to be used for pollutant levels or identify sources.
  • Develop or implement programs for monitoring of environmental pollution or radiation.
  • Go out to check the health conditions of businesses and public places
  • Conduct investigations into complaints that have to do with air quality, water quality, and food safety.
  • Help with the enforcement of environmental policies and regulations.


There are various tools that are available to Environmental Science and Protection Technicians in the performance of their tasks. These tools are designed to make their works easy and enhance their performance. Some of these tools include:

  • Air pollutant samplers – used for microbiological examination of the air during the inspection of the microbiological contamination. E.g.  Digital hand meters; Handheld laser particle counters; Particulate monitors
  • Chemical absorption gas analyzers – Passive samplers for organic vapors 
  • Gas detector tubes – Detector tubes; Freon detectors; Halogen leak detectors
  • Laser printers- Printers that use a focused beam or light to transfer text and images onto paper.
  • Multi gas monitors – Explosive gas monitors; Landfill gas collection systems; Landfill gas detection systems
  • Peristaltic pumps- This is one kind of PD (positive displacement) pump mainly used to pump different types of liquids, and these pumps are commonly known as roller pumps.
  • Radon detectors – Radon detection devices
  • Spectrophotometers- an apparatus for measuring the intensity of light in a part of the spectrum, especially as transmitted or emitted by particular substances.
  • Water samplers – Lead water sampling kits; Water sample extraction tubes; Water sampling augers; Water sampling pumps